Eligible Qualified Noncitizens - SNAP

 

Refugee

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen present in the U.S. as a refugee under section 207 or 207(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) is an eligible noncitizen.

 

Documentation

Note:

If adjusted to LPR status, I-551 may be coded, but not limited to, RE-6, RE-7, RE-8, or RE-9.

 

Victims of Severe Forms of Trafficking

Eligibility Requirements and Documentation

A noncitizen who is present in the U.S. and has been issued a letter from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) verifying that the noncitizen is a victim of severe forms of trafficking is an eligible noncitizen.

In the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, the term "severe forms of trafficking in persons" means:

 

Iraqi and Afghan Noncitizens with Special Immigrant Status

Eligibility Requirements

Iraqi and Afghan noncitizens that have been granted Special Immigrant status are eligible for SNAP benefits from the date the individual or family has been granted Special Immigrant status.  These individuals and their families are now considered to be Refugees and are Eligible Qualified Noncitizens with no time limit on benefits or five year bar.

Note:

When creating an RFA for an Afghan refugee, staff must select the new drop-down reason for application for “Afghan Refugee” and may choose an alternative secondary reason if applicable.

 

Documentation

Special Immigrant status must be verified.  The following documents applicable to Iraqi Afghan special immigrants will confirm both status and date of entry:

“SPECIAL IMMIGRANT STATUS (SQ/SI) PAROLE
Sec 602(8)(1) AAPA / Sec 1059(a) NDAA 2006
Date:____________ USCIS Officer:__________”

 

Verification Specifically for Afghani Nationals under Operation Allies Refuge

Under Operation Allies Refuge, Afghan nationals are eligible for Special Immigrant Visas (SIV), SQ/SI Parole status, or a Non-SI Parole status, due to the ongoing armed conflict and humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.

Note:

On the INS Designation page, staff must enter “Special Immigrant Afghan Refugee” in the Other Section Reference field for SQ/SI Parolees, SI LPRs and SI CPRs.

 

Individuals eligible as Humanitarian parolees are those paroled into the United States between July 31, 2021 and December 16, 2022; or those paroled into the United States after December 16, 2022, and, either the spouse or child of such a parolee or the parent or legal guardian of an unaccompanied child paroled during that period. The Extending Government Funding and Delivering Emergency Assistance Act allows these individuals to receive benefits for a limited period of time, either through March 31, 2023, or until the end of their parole term, whichever is later. Only non-SI Parolees are subject to the March 31, 2023, limitation and continue to be eligible for Federal public benefits like SNAP, provided all other SNAP eligibility requirements are met.

Staff must code these individuals as “Special Humanitarian Parolee” in the INS Designation page.

 

Important

No Afghan refugee applications are to be screened out or denied prior to consulting with the Procedural mailbox.

 

If a Non-SI Parolee or “Humanitarian Parolee” from Afghanistan obtains Temporary Protected Status (TPS), the individual will remain eligible for SNAP benefits until the end of the individual’s parole term, due to their prior eligibility as a humanitarian parolee per INA section 212(d)(5). However, an individual with only TPS and no underlying humanitarian parole is not eligible for SNAP benefits and services. If a client provides TPS documentation only, staff must explore if the individual previously met a qualifying status and request documentation to verify eligibility for SNAP benefits.

 

Ukrainian Humanitarian Parolees (UHP)

Eligibility

The Additional Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act (AUSAA) authorizes ORR to provide resettlement assistance and other benefits available for refugees to specific Ukrainian populations and other non-Ukrainian individuals in response to their displacement from Ukraine and entry into the United States.

Effective May 21, 2022 UHPs and other non-Ukrainian individuals displaced from Ukraine are eligible for SNAP benefits.  If an individual from either of these populations was paroled and entered the United States between February 24, 2022, and May 21, 2022 and applied for SNAP during that time, their date of eligibility is May 21, 2022. If they were granted humanitarian parole after May 21, 2022, their date of eligibility is their date of application for SNAP benefits. UHPs and other non-Ukrainian individuals displaced from Ukraine are eligible for SNAP benefits until the end of the individual’s parole term, unless otherwise amended by law or the individual gains another qualifying noncitizen status.

These individuals are not subject to a waiting period and are immediately eligible for benefits as long as they meet all other SNAP financial and non-financial eligibility requirements.

Ukrainian individuals as well as other non-Ukrainian individuals displaced from Ukraine are eligible for SNAP if they are a:

If a UHP or other non-Ukrainian individual displaced from Ukraine applies for and subsequently obtains Temporary Protected Status (TPS), the individual will remain eligible for SNAP benefits until the end of the individual’s parole term, due to their prior eligibility as a humanitarian parole per INA section 212(d)(5). However, an individual with only TPS and no underlying humanitarian parole is not eligible for SNAP benefits and services. If a client provides TPS documentation only, staff must explore if the individual previously met a qualifying status and request documentation to verify eligibility for SNAP benefits.

 

Documentation

For Ukrainian citizen or national who received humanitarian parole (known as a Ukrainian Humanitarian Parolee, or UHP), they may provide a:

For a non-Ukrainian individual who last habitually resided in Ukraine and received humanitarian parole, they may provide:

Note:

Staff must code these individuals as “Special Humanitarian Parolee” in the INS Designation page. Staff must enter the parole end date as the Expiration Date in the INS Designation window.

Eligibility based on noncitizen status must be addressed at next recertification.

 

 

Asylee

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen present in the U.S. as a Asylee under section 208 of the INA is an eligible noncitizen.

 

Documentation

Note:

Individuals who have adjusted to LPR status may have I-551 coded, but not limited to, AS-6 AS-7 or AS-8.

 

Withholding of Deportation

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen whose deportation is being withheld under section 243(h) or whose removal is withheld under section 241(b)(3) of the INA is an eligible noncitizen.

 

Documentation

 

Cuban/Haitian Entrant

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen who is present in the U.S. as a Cuban/Haitian entrant (as defined in section 501(e) of the Refugee Education assistance Act of 1980 is an eligible noncitizen.  To qualify as a Cuban/Haitian Entrant an individual must be a national (born or a citizen) of Cuba or Haiti and fall under one of the eligible entrant statuses.

 

Documentation

Note:

Individuals who have adjusted to LPR status may have I-551 coded, but not limited to, CH-6, CU-6, or CU-7. In addition, Cubans or Haitians with the codes LB-2, LB-6, or LB-7 may also qualify- these codes were used for individuals granted LPR status under any of the 1986 legislation provisions including Cuban/Haitian entrants.

 

Amerasian

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen from Vietnam who is present in the U.S. as an Amerasian immigrant (as defined in section 584 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988) is an eligible noncitizen.

 

Documentation

Only certain Vietnamese Amerasians qualify for the Refugee Exception and the codes listed here pertain to these Amerasians.

Note:

Any of the above documents should have one of the following codes:AM-1, AM-2, AM-3, AM-6, AM-7, AM-8.

 

Parolee

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen present in the U.S. as a parolee under section 212(d)(5) of the INA for at least one year is an eligible noncitizen when they:

Important:

It is the duration of the parole period that must be at least one year, NOT the length of time the person has been in parole status.

 

Documentation

To be qualified, immigrants must have been paroled for a least one year; includes persons paroled in the public interest, Lautenberg parolees and others.

Note:

If subsequently adjusted to LPR status, may have I-551 cards (for Lautenberg parolees, these may be coded LA).

 

Conditional Entrant

Eligibility Requirements

A noncitizen present in the U.S. as a conditional entrant under section 203(a)(7) of the INA is an eligible noncitizen when they:

 

Documentation

Note:

Conditional Entrant status has not been used since 1980.

 

Battered Noncitizen

A battered noncitizen is an eligible noncitizen when they meets the qualifying status and additional conditions described here:  Battered Noncitizens - SNAP.

 

Legal Permanent Resident

A noncitizen present in the U.S. as a legal permanent resident is an eligible noncitizen with certain conditions.

 

Verification of Immigration Status

At application the applicant must provide documentation of immigration status only for household members applying for benefits. Once provided the information must be verified through the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE).  This is done by accessing the SAVE system, selecting the Create New Case button in the SAVE system and completing the request form.  Once submitted the system will verify the information or, in certain circumstances, prompt the user to institute a secondary verification.  In addition to the applicant’s immigration status, SAVE will provide the following information (if available) in order to determine the applicant’s eligibility: Grant Date and Sponsors/Household Members.

 

Entering Citizenship Data

Entering INS Designation

Entering Legal Permanent Resident Data

Entering Noncitizen Data

Entering Sponsor Deeming Data

Eligible Qualified Noncitizens Policy and Procedures

 

  Last Update:  January 5, 2023